Authors: Dr.J.C.KANNAN, Dr. P.KANAKARAJAN, Dr.SIVAKUMAR MUTHUSAMY, Dr.P.GOPINATH
Separating materials science and materials engineering into their respective domains might be helpful at times. When properly defined, “materials science” refers to the study of similarities and differences in the structures and characteristics of various materials. There are a number of options for facilitating this kind of linkage. There are a variety of ways to establish these connections, depending on the strategy chosen. Sharing outer electrons, also known as the exchange of outer electrons, occurs when nearby atoms give and accept electrons from each other’s outermost shells. This process results in the formation of bonds between the atoms, which tend to be rather stable. Crystals are distinguishable from other types of solids by the highly structured microscopic structure into which their constituents arrange themselves, resulting in a crystal lattice that extends in all directions. Crystals are any solids that have a crystalline structure. The transformation of raw materials into completed products is an essential step in industrial production, since it paves the way for the final products that we use every day. The mechanical properties of a material disclose whether it will remain intact or deform when subjected to a load or force. Important qualities of any material are its mechanical properties. These include its strength, hardness, ductility, and stiffness. Engineering materials are crucial to daily living because of their adaptability and versatility in building construction. These materials may be utilized to make many different kinds of structures
due to their versatility. It was previously mentioned that the magnetic and electrical properties of solids are a part of the same phenomenon known as electromagnetism. This phenomenon is caused by the interaction of electric and magnetic fields. Microscopy and spectroscopy are only two of the methods used to learn about various materials. Both approaches may be used to learn more about atomic structures.
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