Authors:Dr. RAMESH V, Dr. S. NARENDRAN, Dr. CHIRANJIB GOSWAMI,Dr. BHASKAR ROY,Dr. D.V. SRIDEVI
Manipulation of materials at the nanoscale, or
Nanotechnology is a relatively new field that has the potential to
revolutionize several industries, including agriculture. Its use in
farming signals a sea change, with novel benefits that could radically
alter how crops are grown and how we deal with issues of hunger.
Nanotechnology’s precision and efficiency in agricultural techniques
are at the forefront of these benefits. Enhancing nutrient delivery to
plants, optimizing water utilization, and developing targeted pest
control techniques are all possible thanks to nanoscale material and
device engineering. For instance, nanoparticles can be used to
encapsulate fertilizers and insecticides, ensuring their delayed
release, thereby increasing their efficiency while decreasing their
negative effects on the environment. Soil health, crop growth, and
environmental conditions may all be tracked in real time thanks to
nanotechnology-enabled smart sensors and monitoring systems.
These developments provide farmers with more reliable data.
enhancing their capacity to maximize resource utilization and boost
crop yields. Nanotechnology has enabled not only precision
agriculture, but also the development of novel nanoscale materials.
When applied to agricultural machinery, nanomaterials can increase
mechanical strength and durability, improve packaging and prolong
the shelf life of perishable commodities, and pave the way for the
creation of nanobiosensors that can detect toxins in food and water.
Furthermore, nanotechnology provides long-term answers to reduce
agriculture’s ecological footprint. Soil and water pollution can be
remedied, wastewater treated, and renewable energy sources more
efficiently utilized with the help of nanomaterials.
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